Dynamic synchronous transfer mode (DTM) is an exciting networking technology. The idea behind it is to provide high-speed networking with top-quality transmissions and the ability to adapt the bandwidth to traffic variations quickly. DTM is designed to be used in integrated service networks for both distribution and one-to-one communication. It can be used directly for application-to-application communication or as a carrier for higher-layer protocols such as Internet protocol (IP).
DTM, Dynamic synchronous Transfer Mode, is a broadband network architecture based on circuit switching augmented with dynamic reallocation of time slots. DTM provides a service based on multicast, multirate channels with short set-up delay. DTM supports applications with real-time QoS requirements as well as applications characterized by bursty, asynchronous traffic
This tutorial explores the development of DTM in light of the demand for network-transfer capacity. DTM combines the two basic technologies used to build high-capacity networks—circuit and packet switching—and therefore offers many advantages. It also provides several service-access solutions to city networks, enterprises, residential and small offices, content providers, video production networks, and mobile network operators.
Over the last few years, the demand for network-transfer capacity has increased at an exponential rate. The impact of the Internet; the introduction of network services such as video and multimedia that require real-time support and multicast; and the globalization of network traffic enhance the need for cost-efficient networking solutions with support for real-time traffic and for the transmission of integrated data, both audio and video. At the same time, the transmission capacity of optical fibers is today growing significantly faster than the processing capacity of computers. Traditionally, the transmission capacity of the network links has been the main bottleneck in communication systems. Most existing network techniques are therefore designed to use available link capacity as efficiently as possible with the support of large network buffers and elaborate data processing at switch points and interfaces. However, with the large amount of data-transfer capacity offered today by fiber networks, a new bottleneck problem is caused by processing and buffering at switch and access points on the network. This problem has created a need for networking protocols that are not based on computer and storage capacity at the nodes but that instead limit complex operations to minimize processing on the nodes and maximize transmission capacity.
Against this background, the DTM protocol was developed. DTM is designed to increase the use of fiber’s transmission capacity and to provide support for real-time broadband traffic and multicasting. It is also designed to change the distribution of resources to the network nodes dynamically, based on changes in transfer-capacity demand.